Although transcription of mast cell (MC) secretory granule neutral protease genes has been shown to distinguish MC subclasses in mucosal and serosal environments, the specific cytokines that regulate the expression of these genes have not been determined. To examine cytokine-mediated gene regulation, bone marrow-derived MC (BMMC) differentiated in vitro were obtained by culturing mouse bone marrow progenitor cells in the presence of WEHI-3 cell-conditioned medium, concanavalin A-stimulated splenocyte- conditioned medium (BMMC(C)), or recombinant (r) interleukin (IL)-3 (BMMC(IL- 3)). All three populations of BMMC expressed the serosal MC-specific transcripts that encode mouse MC serine protease (MMCP)-5, MMCP-6, and MC carboxypeptidase A. However, only BMMC(C) contained MMCP-2 mRNA, a late expressed gene selectively transcribed by intestinal mucosal MC that proliferate during helminthic infestation in response to the T cell-derived cytokines IL-3, IL-4, and IL-10. When BMMC(IL-3) were exposed to rIL-10 in the presence of either rIL-3 or rIL-4, they expressed MMCP-2 mRNA. Not only was the transcription of the MMCP-2 gene in BMMC dependent on continuous exposure of the cells to rIL-10, but the level of MMCP-2 mRNA in these cells could be down-regulated by rIL-3. These studies comparing the effects of two cytokines on the transcriptional regulation of secretory granule protease genes in MC demonstrate that rIL-10 induces BMMC(IL-3) to express the mucosal MC protease MMCP-2, that rIL-3 attenuates the rIL-10-induced expression of this gene, and that transcription of the MMCP-2 gene is reversed in the absence of rIL-10.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|