Transformative foresight: Universiti Sains Malaysia leads the way

Ellisha Nasruddin, Reevany Bustami, Sohail Inayatullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This article describes Universiti Sains Malaysia's foresight journey. It begins by exploring five alternative scenarios of higher education: (1) The A' la Carte University, (2) The Invisible University, (3) The Corporate University, (4) The State University, and (5) The University in The Garden. These scenarios are followed by Universiti Sains Malaysia's preferred vision of the future. It then examines the journey towards the preferred visión by articulating four stages of transformation: visioning, contesting, dynamic equilibrium, and self-direction/externalisation. The article concludes with an analysis of USM's current position, in transition between the contestation and dynamic equilibrium stages.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-45
Number of pages10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


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