This study examined the association between transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 polymorphisms and brucellosis. The TGF-β1 genotypes at codons 10 and 25 were determined by an amplification refractory mutation system-PCR among 425 brucellosis patients and 213 healthy volunteers. The frequencies of TGF-β1 codons 10C and 25G were significantly higher among patients than among controls, as was that of TGF-β1 codon 10C/C. The high-producer haplotype (CG/TG) was more frequent among patients than among controls. The findings suggest that genetic polymorphism in codons 10 and 25 of the TGF-β1 gene might contribute to the development of brucellosis.
- Gene polymorphism