The time-dependent spectrum of the light scattered by a collisionally damped two-level atom weakly excited off resonance by a partially coherent laser field is evaluated. Both the collisional and the laser noise are treated as classical Markovian, Gaussian processes while, in addition, the atom is assumed to experience damping and fluctuations that are due to its coupling to an unspecified exterior reservoir. The scattered-field spectra are determined both at steady state and at times following the abrupt turn off of the laser field (the delayed spectrum). The distinct contributions to these spectra arising from the various noise sources as well as the finite bandwidth of the detecting interferometer are investigated in each case. Where appropriate, comparisons are made with related work of Saari [Light Scattering in Solids (Plenum, New York, 1979)]. A general inequality is also found that must be satisfied by the longitudinal and the transverse decay rates induced by the exterior reservoir. Finally, the inverse detuning of the laser is found to provide a limit on the time in which the undressing of the atom could be observed to occur following the turn off of the laser.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|