Translation and granule localization of mouse mast cell protease-5: Immunodetection with specific antipeptide Ig

H. P. McNeil, D. P. Frenkel, K. F. Austen, D. S. Friend, R. L. Stevens*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An antibody to mouse mast cell protease-5 (MMCP-5) was obtained by immunizing a rabbit with a 17-residue synthetic peptide corresponding to the unique amino acid sequence at residues 146 to 162 in this serine protease. After affinity purification, anti-MMCP-5146-162 Ig reacted in SDS-PAGE immunoblots to recombinant MMCP-5 and to the native MMCP-5 protein present in the lysates of mouse serosal mast cells and the MC5 line of Kirsten sarcoma virus-immortalized mouse mast cells. Immunocytochemical staining localized MMCP-5 to the cytoplasmic granules of serosal mast cells and Kirsten sarcoma virus-immortalized mouse mast cells. Because mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells express abundant amounts of MMCP-5 mRNA, anti-MMCP-5146-162 Ig was used to study the translation and granule accumulation of this protease when progenitor cells differentiate into these immature mouse mast cells. Maximal expression of MMCP-5 mRNA occurred after bone marrow cells had been cultured for 2 wk in IL-3-rich WEHI-3 cell conditioned medium, and MMCP-5 protein was detected in these cells. However, electron-microscopic analysis with gold-labeled antibody revealed that the amount of MMCP-5 in the individual granules of bone marrow-derived mast cells varied. The highest concentration of MMCP-5 was found in the most electron-dense secretory granules of the cells. These studies demonstrate the ultrastructural localization of the earliest transcribed mouse mast cell chymase, MMCP-5, and its granule accumulation during the differentiation of mouse bone marrow progenitor cells into immature mouse mast cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2466-2472
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume149
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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