Background: The surgical management of trauma within Australia and New Zealand has recently been undergoing major organizational changes. The aim of the present paper was to evaluate the attitudes and experience of Australian and New Zealand advanced surgical trainees in this changing climate and to identify problems with trauma training. Methods: A survey assessing important areas of trauma management and training was sent to all advanced surgical trainees of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Results: Two hundred and seventy-two of 587 trainees responded (46%). Overall 85% of trainees believed they would be involved in trauma management in the future. The majority of trainees reported low rates of involvement and consultant supervision in trauma resuscitations. Only 32% of general surgical trainees believed that their exposure to major trauma operations was very adequate despite an average of 12.3 trauma operations per year. Seventy per cent of general surgical trainees reported a very adequate level of consultant supervision at trauma operations. In contrast 86% of orthopaedic trainees reported a very adequate exposure to trauma operations with an average of 221 orthopaedic trauma operations per year. Only 46% of orthopaedic trainees reported a very adequate level of consultant supervision at trauma operations. Conclusions: Regional rotations may need to be developed to even out trainees experience in trauma management. The low level of supervision in trauma resuscitations and orthopaedic surgical training requires attention. This survey warrants repeating in a prospective manner.