TRIM16 inhibits proliferation and migration through regulation of interferon beta 1 in melanoma cells

Selina K. Sutton, Jessica Koach, Owen Tan, Bing Liu, Daniel R. Carter, James S. Wilmott, Benafsha Yosufi, Lauren E. Haydu, Graham J. Mann, John F. Thompson, Georgina V. Long, Tao Liu, Grant McArthur, Xu Dong Zhang, Richard A. Scolyer, Belamy B. Cheung, Glenn M. Marshall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

High basal or induced expression of the tripartite motif protein, TRIM16, leads to reduce cell growth and migration of neuroblastoma and skin squamous cell carcinoma cells. However, the role of TRIM16 in melanoma is currently unknown. TRIM16 protein levels were markedly reduced in human melanoma cell lines, compared with normal human epidermal melanocytes due to both DNA methylation and reduced protein stability. TRIM16 knockdown strongly increased cell migration in normal human epidermal melanocytes, while TRIM16 overexpression reduced cell migration and proliferation of melanoma cells in an interferon beta 1 (IFNβ1)-dependent manner. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed TRIM16 directly bound the IFNβ1 gene promoter. Low level TRIM16 expression in 91 melanoma patient samples, strongly correlated with lymph node metastasis, and, predicted poor patient prognosis in a separate cohort of 170 melanoma patients with lymph node metastasis. The BRAF inhibitor, vemurafenib, increased TRIM16 protein levels in melanoma cells in vitro, and induced growth arrest in BRAF-mutant melanoma cells in a TRIM16-dependent manner. High levels of TRIM16 in melanoma tissues from patients treated with Vemurafenib correlated with clinical response. Our data, for the first time, demonstrates TRIM16 is a marker of cell migration and metastasis, and a novel treatment target in melanoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10127-10139
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume5
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • BRAF inhibitor
  • Cell migration
  • IFNβ1
  • Melanoma
  • TRIM16

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    Sutton, S. K., Koach, J., Tan, O., Liu, B., Carter, D. R., Wilmott, J. S., ... Marshall, G. M. (2014). TRIM16 inhibits proliferation and migration through regulation of interferon beta 1 in melanoma cells. Oncotarget, 5(20), 10127-10139. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.2466