Triple‐entry accounting with blockchain

How far have we come?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Although double‐entry accounting has been used for more than 600 years, today’s era of disruptive technological change utilising blockchain and FinTech has led to the emergence of another promising accounting method: triple‐entry accounting. This paper explores triple‐entry accounting, from its conception to the current state of play, using three case studies. We find that: (i) in a blockchain ecosystem, for some accounts, business entities will only need to perform a single entry internally and the opposite entry will be recorded in a public shared ledger; and (ii) triple‐entry accounting is a new and a more efficient way to address fundamental trust and transparency issues that plague current accounting systems. Triple‐entry accounting with blockchain, when properly implemented, can fundamentally improve accounting.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
JournalAccounting and Finance
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Accounting system
  • Blockchain
  • Triple-entry accounting

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