Intellectual property rights (IPRs) are privatised in the TRIPS Agreement. In such premise, these private rights get protection in the form of positive obligations, and public interest issues are protected by way of negative or exceptional rights. This has long been a subject of human rights debate between IPRs-owning developed countries and IPRs-using developing countries. In making their case, the points of human rights and public interests in the sense of economic and other utilitarian standards have been brought into play to defend and discard the privatisation of IPRs since the beginning of international IPRs systems. This article argues that through protectionist regulations, the TRIPS recognition of IPRs as private and exclusive rights leads to monopolisation, makes IPRs inaccessible to the people and causes human rights concerns, in particular the right to public health in developing and least developed countries is affected.
|Number of pages||25|
|Journal||Mediterranean journal of human rights|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
- private rights
- right to health