Monocyte transformation by the v-myc oncogene has been used to study myelomonocytic tumor progression in vitro. Murine monocytes transformed by a recombinant retrovirus containing MG29 v-myc were found to exhibit a proliferative burst to day 28-40 post-infection. Thereafter growth slowed and cell number remained relatively static to day 80-90 post-infection. During both the proliferative and quiescent periods, the cells were dependent on the myelomonocytic growth factor CSF-1 for growth and viability. Analysis of this transformation revealed that the initial transformants were polyclonal, nonimmortal, and non-tumorigenic in syngeneic mice. At day 80-90 post infection, a fresh round of cellular proliferation occurred and, in contrast to the initial burst, growth was sustained allowing the establishment of cell lines. These lines were found to be monoclonal, immortal, growth factor independent and, in certain cases, tumorigenic in syngeneic mice. Associated with the establishment of growth factor independent cell lines was the constitutive synthesis of the myelomonocytic growth factor, CSF-1. Proto-oncogene screening of the initial transformants and the cell lines also revealed the expression of c-raf and the CSF-I receptor, c-fms. Our results indicate that, following transformation by v-myc, monocytes can progress in vitro to become growth factor independent and immortal and that both monocyte transformation and immortalization can be dissociated from tumorigenicity.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|