Tuning the luminescent properties of Pt(II) acetylide complexes through varying the electronic properties of N-heterocyclic carbene ligands

Yuzhen Zhang, Jessica Clavadetscher, Michael Bachmann, Olivier Blacque, Koushik Venkatesan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)


This Article reports the synthesis, structural characterization, electrochemistry, and photophysical investigations of five groups of luminescent Pt(II) alkynyl complexes bearing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands with varying electronic properties. Complexes of the type [Pt(pmdb)(Cî - CR)2] 1a-c, [Pt(pm2tz)(Cî - CR)2] 2a-d, [Pt(pm3tz)(Cî - CR)2] 3a-c, [Pt(ppim)(Cî - CR) 2] 4(a, b, e), and [Pt(ppbim)(Cî - CR)2] 5(a, b, e), where pmdb =1,1′-dipentyl-3,3′-methylene-dibenzimidazoline-2, 2′-diylidene, pm2tz = 1,1′-dipentyl-3,3′-methylene-di-1,2,4- triazoline-5,5′-diylidene, pm3tz = 1,1′-dipentyl-3,3′- methylene-di-1,3,4-triazoline-5,5′-diylidene, ppim = 3-pentyl-1- picolylimidazoline-2-ylidene, and ppbim = 3-pentyl-1-picolylbenzimidazoline-2- ylidene, and R = 4-C6H4F, C6H5, 4-C6H4OMe, SiMe3, and 4-C6H 4N(C6H5)2, were prepared, and the consequences of the electronic properties of the NHC ligands on the phosphorescent emission efficiencies were studied. Moreover, the emission quantum efficiencies of the previously reported complexes [Pt(pmim)(Cî - CR)2] where pmim = 1,1′-dipentyl-3,3′-methylene- diimidazoline-2,2′-diylidene and R = 4-C6H4F 6a, C6H5 6b, and 4-C6H4OMe 6c were also recorded in neat solid and in 10 wt % PMMA film. The square planar coordination geometry with the alkynyl ligands in cis configuration was corroborated for selected complexes by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The observed moderate difference in emission efficiencies of the bis-carbene complexes 6a-c, 1a-c, 2a-c, and 3a-c in conjunction with the decreasing electron-donating nature of the NHC ligands, pmim > pmdb > pm2tz ≈ pm3tz, can be attributed to the slight modification of the triplet emission parentage among the different complexes. The quantum efficiencies of complexes 4(a, b) and 5(a, b) bearing pyridyl-NHC ligand were significantly low in comparison to the bis-carbene complexes owing to the significant change in the charge transfer character of the triplet manifold. Complexes 4e and 5e bearing diarylamine phenylacetylenes display high φem of 27% and 33% in 10 wt % PMMA film, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-771
Number of pages16
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


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