Two-stage relay selection for enhancing physical layer security in non-orthogonal multiple access

Youhong Feng, Shihao Yan, Chenxi Liu, Zhen Yang, Nan Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we examine the physical layer security of a cooperative relay network where two source-destination pairs communicate through a decode-and-forward (DF) relay in the presence of multiple eavesdroppers. To safeguard the legitimate communications against eavesdropping, we propose a novel two-stage secure relay selection (TSSRS) with a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scheme to maximize the capacity of one source-destination pair, while guaranteeing the successful communication of the other source-destination pair. To explicitly reveal the benefits of our proposed scheme, we derive the exact and asymptotic expressions for its secrecy outage probability. As a benchmark, we also analyze the secrecy performance of the TSSRS strategy with an orthogonal multiple access (OMA) scheme. Both theoretical analysis and simulation results demonstrate that our proposed TSSRS-NOMA scheme significantly outperforms the TSSRS-OMA scheme when the transmit power at the source and relay is in the low and medium regimes. In addition, we show that the advantage of the TSSRS-NOMA scheme over the TSSRS-OMA scheme becomes obvious when the two source-destination pairs have profoundly different secrecy requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1670-1683
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019


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