Ultrafast Laser Inscription in Soft Glasses

A Comparative Study of Athermal and Thermal Processing Regimes for Guided Wave Optics

Simon Gross*, Martin Ams, Guido Palmer, Christopher T. Miese, Robert J. Williams, Graham D. Marshall, Alexander Fuerbach, David G. Lancaster, Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Michael J. Withford

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)


The combination of ultrafast laser inscription and engineered soft glasses is enabling a new class of photonic devices offering long wavelength transparency, high nonlinearity, and optical gain. However, this field of research also possesses its own unique set of fabrication challenges, which range from the predictable, such as self-focusing effects, material stress, and damage to the unexpected, such as photo-induced index changes of different sign. In this article, we review many of the fabrication challenges surrounding ultrafast laser-written soft-glass photonics and highlight these by comparing and contrasting laser processing of common soft glasses in both the athermal and thermal writing regimes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-348
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Glass Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


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