Ultrafast laser inscription of mid-IR directional couplers for stellar interferometry

Alexander Arriola*, Sebabrata Mukherjee, Debaditya Choudhury, Lucas Labadie, Robert R. Thomson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


We report the ultrafast laser fabrication and mid-IR characterization (3.39 μm) of four-port evanescent field directional couplers. The couplers were fabricated in a commercial gallium lanthanum sulfide glass substrate using subpicosecond laser pulses of 1030 nm light. Straight waveguides inscribed using optimal fabrication parameters were found to exhibit propagation losses of ∼0.8 dB · cm-1. A series of couplers were inscribed with different interaction lengths, and we demonstrate power-splitting ratios of between 8% and 99% for mid-IR light with a wavelength of 3.39 μm. These results clearly demonstrate that ultrafast laser inscription can be used to fabricate high-quality evanescent field couplers for future applications in astronomical interferometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4820-4822
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes


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