Ultrastructural and clinical evidence of subretinal debris accumulation in type 2 macular telangiectasia

Svetlana Cherepanoff, Murray C. Killingsworth, Meidong Zhu, Timothy Nolan, Alex P. Hunyor, Stephanie H. Young, Gregory S. Hageman, Mark C. Gillies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To describe subretinal debris found on ultrastructural examination in an eye with macular telangiectasia (MacTel) type 2 and on optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a subset of patients with MacTel type 2. Methods: Blocks from the mid-periphery and temporal perifovea of an eye with clinically documented MacTel type 2 were examined with electron microscopy (EM). Cases came from the Sydney centre of the MacTel project and the practices of the authors. Results: On EM examination, subretinal debris was found in the perifovea with accumulation of degenerate photoreceptor elements in the subretinal space. Despite the substantial subretinal debris, there was minimal retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) reaction. Focal defects were seen in the inner limiting membrane in the perifovea. Of the 65 Sydney MacTel project participants, three (5%) had prominent yellow material at the fovea. OCT revealed smooth mounds between the RPE and the ellipsoid region. The material was hyperautofluorescent. Conclusions: This study suggests that subretinal accumulation of photoreceptor debris may be a feature of MacTel type 2. Ultrastructural and OCT evidence of disease beyond the vasculature, involving photoreceptors and Muller cells, is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1404-1409
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume96
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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    Cherepanoff, S., Killingsworth, M. C., Zhu, M., Nolan, T., Hunyor, A. P., Young, S. H., ... Gillies, M. C. (2012). Ultrastructural and clinical evidence of subretinal debris accumulation in type 2 macular telangiectasia. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 96(11), 1404-1409. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2011-301009