Uncertainty quantification and sensitivity analysis of an arterial wall mechanics model for evaluation of vascular drug therapies

Maarten H. G. Heusinkveld, Sjeng Quicken, Robert J. Holtackers, Wouter Huberts, Koen D. Reesink, Tammo Delhaas, Bart Spronck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantification of the uncertainty in constitutive model predictions describing arterial wall mechanics is vital towards non-invasive assessment of vascular drug therapies. Therefore, we perform uncertainty quantification to determine uncertainty in mechanical characteristics describing the vessel wall response upon loading. Furthermore, a global variance-based sensitivity analysis is performed to pinpoint measurements that are most rewarding to be measured more precisely. We used previously published carotid diameter–pressure and intima–media thickness (IMT) data (measured in triplicate), and Holzapfel–Gasser–Ogden models. A virtual data set containing 5000 diastolic and systolic diameter–pressure points, and IMT values was generated by adding measurement error to the average of the measured data. The model was fitted to single-exponential curves calculated from the data, obtaining distributions of constitutive parameters and constituent load bearing parameters. Additionally, we (1) simulated vascular drug treatment to assess the relevance of model uncertainty and (2) evaluated how increasing the number of measurement repetitions influences model uncertainty. We found substantial uncertainty in constitutive parameters. Simulating vascular drug treatment predicted a 6% point reduction in collagen load bearing (Lcoll), approximately 50% of its uncertainty. Sensitivity analysis indicated that the uncertainty in Lcoll was primarily caused by noise in distension and IMT measurements. Spread in Lcoll could be decreased by 50% when increasing the number of measurement repetitions from 3 to 10. Model uncertainty, notably that in (Formula presented.), could conceal effects of vascular drug therapy. However, this uncertainty could be reduced by increasing the number of measurement repetitions of distension and wall thickness measurements used for model parameterisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55–69
Number of pages15
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume17
Issue number1
Early online date2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Arterial wall mechanics
  • Constitutive modelling
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Uncertainty quantification
  • Vascular ultrasound

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