Understanding 'individualization' in human resource management: the case of 'skill-based pay' in France

Alan Jenkins, Alain Klarsfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


'Individualization' in personnel practices has long been considered as an essential component of 'modern' human resources management, but the empirical complexities of its definition, implementation and impact within firms have not been analysed in considerable depth. This paper adds to this analysis by reporting on research into one form of individualization - 'skill-based pay' - adopted in different sectors in France. The crucial institutional context for this adoption is explained and then it is shown how different models of skill-based remuneration have emerged as a result of both sectorial contingencies and specific industrial relations processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-211
Number of pages14
JournalThe International Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • France
  • Human resources management
  • Individualization
  • Skill-based pay


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