Unique sequence of events triggers manta ray feeding frenzy in the Southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia

Scarla J. Weeks, Marites M. Magno-Canto, Fabrice R. A. Jaine, Jon Brodie, Anthony J. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Manta rays are classified as Vulnerable to Extinction on the IUCN Red List for Threatened Species. In Australia, a key aggregation site for reef manta rays is Lady Elliot Island (LEI) on the Great Barrier Reef, ~7 km from the shelf edge. Here, we investigate the environmental processes that triggered the largest manta ray feeding aggregation yet observed in Australia, in early 2013. We use MODIS sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a concentration and photic depth data, together with in situ data, to show that anomalous river discharges led to high chlorophyll (anomalies: 10-15 mg·m⁻³) and turbid (photic depth anomalies: -15 m) river plumes extending out to LEI, and that these became entrained offshore around the periphery of an active cyclonic eddy. Eddy dynamics led to cold bottom intrusions along the shelf edge (6 °C temperature decrease), and at LEI (5 °C temperature decrease). Strongest SST gradients (>1 °C·km⁻¹) were at the convergent frontal zone between the shelf and eddy-influenced waters, directly overlying LEI. Here, the front intensified on the spring ebb tide to attract and shape the aggregation pattern of foraging manta rays. Future research could focus on mapping the probability and persistence of these ecologically significant frontal zones via remote sensing to aid the management and conservation of marine species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3138-3152
Number of pages15
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • remote sensing
  • manta rays
  • frontal zones
  • sea surface temperature
  • chlorophyll
  • photic depth
  • eddy dynamics
  • river discharge
  • upwelling
  • Great Barrier Reef

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