Although universal continuous-variable quantum computation cannot be achieved via linear optics (including squeezing), homodyne detection, and feed-forward, inclusion of ideal photon-counting measurements overcomes this obstacle. These measurements are sometimes described by arrays of beam splitters to distribute the photons across several modes. We show that such a scheme cannot be used to implement ideal photon counting and that such measurements necessarily involve nonlinear evolution. However, this requirement of nonlinearity can be moved “off-line,” thereby permitting universal continuous-variable quantum computation with linear optics.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|