Unmet psychological needs in patients with schizophrenia

Stefan Westermann*, Steffen Moritz, Franz Caspar, Marialuisa Cavelti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This online study investigated motivational incongruence (discrepancy between psychological needs and actual experiences) in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and tested the hypothesis that motivational incongruence and psychotic symptoms are associated. Incongruence was associated with negative symptoms and paranoia, and was largest for “intimacy/attachment” and “avoidance of weakness”. A motivational perspective on schizophrenia is thought to improve psychological therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-89
Number of pages4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • schizophrenia
  • motivation
  • incongruence
  • needs
  • avoidance
  • paranoia


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