Unofficial International conflict resolution: Is there a track 1 1/2? Are there best practices?

Susan Allen Nan, Daniel Druckman, Jana El Horr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Analysis of twenty-four cases of unofficial international conflict resolution initiatives, done according to similarities across seven variables, shows that the practice of "Track 11/2" diplomacy is distinct from Track 2 diplomacy. Furthermore, these initiatives are distinguished by their focus on process or diverse goals. Multidimensional scaling organized the cases into four groupings of similar initiatives: Track 11/2 process-focused, Track 11/2 diversified, Track 2 process-focused, and Track 2 diversified. The variety of approaches used in these twenty-four cases of high-quality international conflict resolution initiatives suggests best practices. These practices should be considered sensitive to context rather than a standard set of procedures used regardless of conflict environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-82
Number of pages18
JournalConflict Resolution Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


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