Peridotite xenoliths from southern Texas consist of spinel lherzolite, harzburgite and minor dunite. Based on phase relations and temperature of equilibration, Knippa xenoliths come from the uppermost mantle, 40-70 km deep. Knippa xenoliths provide rare snapshots of upper mantle processes and compositions beneath south-central Laurentia. They preserve olivine a-axis fiber fabrics with a strong concentration of  and girdles of  and . Assuming a lithospheric mantle having a horizontal flow direction parallel to fast directions, the mantle lithospheric fabric revealed by the xenoliths mostly explains the magnitude of observed shear-wave splitting observed along the southern margin of the Laurentian craton.