Use of heterospecific cues by the lizard Platysaurus broadleyi for food location

Martin J. Whiting*, Jaco M. Greeff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flat lizards (Platysaurus broadleyi) at Augrabies Falls National Park, South Africa, are restricted to rocky terrain where the predominant tree is the Namaqua fig (Ficus cordata cordata). P. broadleyi readily feeds on Namaqua figs when they are available, and the lizards sometimes form large (maximum recorded = 134) congregations under fruiting fig trees. The distance lizards travel to fruiting trees also exceed normal daily foraging distances. Location of fruiting fig trees by a lizard can have a high pay-off because figs are energetically rich and trees fruit irregularly and asynchronously, resulting in a resource that is available, but unpredictable in time and space. The prediction that bird activity in fig trees provides a cue to the presence of ripe figs was tested experimentally. By placing cages containing birds and empty control cages in trees devoid of fruit, we demonstrated that P. broadleyi are drawn to fig trees with high bird congregations. We also tested if the presence of a fig tree was necessary to draw lizards to bird congregations by placing cages containing birds and empty control cages in a matched-pairs design on rock away from trees. Namaqua fig trees were not necessary to draw lizards to bird congregations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-423
Number of pages4
JournalBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1999
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Erratum can be found in Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 46(6), p. 439, 1999.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s002650050642

Keywords

  • Birds
  • Heterospecific cues
  • Lizard
  • Platysaurus broadleyi
  • Sensory bias

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