Use of the pericranial flap in medial canthal reconstruction

Another application for this versatile flap

Brian Leatherbarrow*, Adam Watson, Geoffrey Wilcsek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To describe the use and outcomes of a versatile surgical technique in the reconstruction of deep soft tissue and bony defects of the medial canthus. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive cases requiring reconstruction of medial canthal defects involving loss of periosteum or bone by a median forehead pericranial flap and full-thickness skin grafting in a tertiary referral hospital setting. Two techniques were used: an open technique, using a midline forehead incision; and an endoscopic technique, using 2 incisions behind the hairline. RESULTS: Twenty-one cases were identified: 19 open and 2 endoscopic. The average length of follow-up was 13 months (range, 6-50 months). Ten cases required additional oculoplastic procedures including local periosteal flaps and mucous membrane grafts. Two cases (10%) had complete flap failure; one of these was caused by infection. Five (24%) had partial (<50%) skin graft necrosis. Two cases (10%) have required further surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience shows the pericranial flap to be versatile, robust, and easy to manipulate, offering advantages over alternative techniques when used for the repair of deep medial canthal defects. It is a valuable reconstructive technique that can yield good cosmetic and functional results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-419
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

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