Using an in vitro model to study oxidised protein accumulation in ageing fibroblasts

Nae Shiozawa-West, Rachael A. Dunlop, Kenneth J. Rodgers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The accumulation of oxidised proteins in ageing cells and tissues results from an increase in oxidant damage coupled with impaired degradation of the damaged proteins. Heat Shock Proteins (HSP) and other chaperones are required to recognise damaged proteins and transport them to the lysosomal and proteasomal degradation pathways. How these systems fail in ageing cells is not clear. Methods We monitor oxidised protein accumulation, the activity of the proteasome and lysosomal proteases, and HSP levels in MRC-5 fibroblasts throughout their mitotic lifespan. We then use a novel in vitro cell culture model to experimentally generate oxidised proteins in young and old MRC-5 fibroblasts and compare their rates of degradation and changes in the key pathways involved in oxidised protein removal. Results We show that the activity of the proteasome and some lysosomal enzymes decreases with ageing in MRC-5 cells as do levels of HSP70 but this is not associated with an accumulation of oxidised proteins which only occurs as cells closely approach post-mitotic senescence. Old cells are unable to degrade experimentally generated oxidised proteins as efficiently as young cells. Exposure to mild heat stress however increases the efficiency of oxidised protein degradation by young cells and increases levels of HSP70. Conclusions Our results highlight the importance of the HSP/chaperone system in oxidised protein metabolism, particularly in ageing cells. General significance These data might have implications for the development of therapies for pathologies associated with protein accumulation and suggest that the HSP/chaperone system would be an important target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2177-2184
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volume1850
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Oxidised proteins,Ageing,DOPA,Proteasome,Lysosomes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Using an in vitro model to study oxidised protein accumulation in ageing fibroblasts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this