Validation of the Emotiv EPOC EEG system for research quality auditory event-related potentials in children

Nicholas A. Badcock*, Kathryn A. Preece, Bianca de Wit, Katharine Glenn, Nora Fieder, Johnson Thie, Genevieve McArthur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)
106 Downloads (Pure)


Background. Previous work has demonstrated that a commercial gaming electroencephalography (EEG) system, Emotiv EPOC, can be adjusted to provide valid auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) in adults that are comparable to ERPs recorded by a research-grade EEG system, Neuroscan. The aim of the current study was to determine if the same was true for children. Method. An adapted Emotiv EPOC system and Neuroscan system were used to make simultaneous EEG recordings in nineteen 6- to 12-year-old children under "passive" and "active" listening conditions. In the passive condition, children were instructed to watch a silent DVD and ignore 566 standard (1,000 Hz) and 100 deviant (1,200 Hz) tones. In the active condition, they listened to the same stimuli, and were asked to count the number of 'high' (i.e., deviant) tones. Results. Intraclass correlations (ICCs) indicated that the ERP morphology recorded with the two systems was very similar for the P1, N1, P2, N2, and P3 ERP peaks (r = .82 to .95) in both passive and active conditions, and less so, though still strong, for mismatch negativity ERP component (MMN; r = .67 to .74). There were few differences between peak amplitude and latency estimates for the two systems. Conclusions. An adapted EPOC EEG system can be used to index children's late auditory ERP peaks (i.e., P1, N1, P2, N2, P3) and theirMMNERP component.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere907
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • EEG
  • ERP
  • Emotiv EPOC
  • validation
  • mismatchnegativity
  • MMN
  • intraclass correlation
  • methods
  • auditory odd-ball
  • children


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