Vascular distribution of nitric oxide synthase and vasodilation in the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri

Brett L. Jennings*, Rachel E. Blake, Jean Joss, John A. Donald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and role of nitric oxide (NO) in vascular regulation was investigated in the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri. No evidence was found for NOS in the endothelium of large and small blood vessels following processing for NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry. However, both NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and neural NOS immunohistochemistry demonstrated a sparse network of nitrergic nerves in the dorsal aorta, hepatic artery, and branchial arteries, but there were no nitrergic nerves in small blood vessels in tissues. In contrast, nitrergic nerves were found in non-vascular tissues of the lung, gut and kidney. Dual-wire myography was used to determine if NO signalling occurred in the branchial artery of N.forsteri. Both SNP and SIN-1 had no effect on the pre-constricted branchial artery, but the particulate guanylyl cyclase (GC) activator, C-type natriuretic peptide, always caused vasodilation. Nicotine mediated a dilation that was not inhibited by the soluble GC inhibitor, ODQ, or the NOS inhibitor, L-NNA, but was blocked by the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin. These data suggest that NO control of the branchial artery is lacking, but that prostaglandins could be endothelial relaxing factors in the vasculature of lungfish. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-595
Number of pages6
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Volume151
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Lungfish
  • Neoceratodus forsteri
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Prostaglandins
  • TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS
  • SHARK SQUALUS-ACANTHIAS
  • RAINBOW-TROUT
  • AFRICAN LUNGFISH
  • PROTOPTERUS-AETHIOPICUS
  • BLOOD-VESSELS
  • VENTRAL AORTA
  • DORSAL AORTA
  • RELAXING FACTOR(S)
  • INDUCED RELAXATION

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