VEGF profiling and angiogenesis in human microtissues

Jens M. Kelm, Carlota Diaz Sanchez-Bustamante, Elisabeth Ehler, Simon P. Hoerstrup, Valentin Djonov, Lars Ittner, Martin Fussenegger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to its dual impact on tissue engineering (neovascularization of tissue implants) and cancer treatment (prevention of tumor-induced vascularization), management and elucidation of vascularization phenomena remain clinical priorities. Using a variety of primary human cells and (neoplastic) cell lines assembled in microtissues by gravity-enforced self-aggregation in hanging drops we (i) studied size and age-dependent VEGF production of microtissues in comparison to isogenic monolayer cultures, (ii) characterized the self-organization and VEGF-production potential of mixed-cell spheroids, (iii) analyzed VEGF-dependent capillary formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cells coated onto several human primary cell spheroids, and (iv) profiled endostatin action on vascularization in human microtissues. Precise understanding of vascularization in human microtissues may foster advances in clinical tissue implant engineering, tumor treatment, as well as drug discovery and drug-function analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-229
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell-based therapies
  • Self-assembly
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Vascularization


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