Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETS): Status, results, and challenges

Sherali Zeadally*, Ray Hunt, Yuh Shyan Chen, Angela Irwin, Aamir Hassan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

878 Citations (Scopus)


Recent advances in hardware, software, and communication technologies are enabling the design and implementation of a whole range of different types of networks that are being deployed in various environments. One such network that has received a lot of interest in the last couple of years is the Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET). VANET has become an active area of research, standardization, and development because it has tremendous potential to improve vehicle and road safety, traffic efficiency, and convenience as well as comfort to both drivers and passengers. Recent research efforts have placed a strong emphasis on novel VANET design architectures and implementations. A lot of VANET research work have focused on specific areas including routing, broadcasting, Quality of Service (QoS), and security. We survey some of the recent research results in these areas. We present a review of wireless access standards for VANETs, and describe some of the recent VANET trials and deployments in the US, Japan, and the European Union. In addition, we also briefly present some of the simulators currently available to VANET researchers for VANET simulations and we assess their benefits and limitations. Finally, we outline some of the VANET research challenges that still need to be addressed to enable the ubiquitous deployment and widespead adoption of scalable, reliable, robust, and secure VANET architectures, protocols, technologies, and services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-241
Number of pages25
JournalTelecommunication Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


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