Veridical and false memory for scenic material in posttraumatic stress disorder

Marit Hauschildt*, Maarten J V Peters, Lena Jelinek, Steffen Moritz

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The question whether memory aberrations in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also manifest as an increased production of false memories is important for both theoretical and practical reasons, but is yet unsolved. Therefore, for the present study we investigated veridical and false recognition in PTSD with a new scenic variant of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, which was administered to traumatized individuals with PTSD (n=32), traumatized individuals without PTSD (n=30), and non-traumatized controls (n=30). The PTSD group neither produced higher rates of false memories nor expressed more confidence in errors, but did show inferior memory sensitivity. Whereas depressive symptoms did not correlate with veridical nor false recognition, state dissociation was positively associated with false memories.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)80-89
    Number of pages10
    JournalConsciousness and cognition
    Volume21
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

    Keywords

    • Arousal
    • Dissociation
    • DRM paradigm
    • False memory
    • Memory
    • PTSD
    • Recognition memory
    • Trauma

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