Virtualized control over fog: interplay between reliability and latency

Hazer Inaltekin*, Maria Gorlatova, Mung Chiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This paper introduces an analytical framework to investigate optimal design choices for the placement of virtual controllers along the cloud-to-things continuum. The main application scenarios include low-latency cyber-physical systems in which real-time control actions are required in response to the changes in states of an Internet of Things (IoT) node. In such cases, deploying controller software on a cloud server is often not tolerable due to delay from the network edge to the cloud. Hence, it is desirable to trade reliability with latency by moving controller logic closer to the network edge. Modeling the IoT node as a dynamical system that evolves linearly in time with quadratic penalty for state deviations, recursive expressions for the optimum control policy and the resulting minimum cost value are obtained by taking virtual fog controller reliability and response time latency into account. Our results indicate that latency is more critical than reliability in provisioning virtualized control services over fog endpoints, as it determines the swiftness of the fog control system as well as the timeliness of state measurements. Based on a drone trajectory tracking model, an extensive simulation study is also performed to illustrate the influence of reliability and latency on the control of autonomous vehicles over fog.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5030-5045
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


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