Viruses and breast cancer

James S. Lawson, Benjamin Heng

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Viruses are the accepted cause of many important cancers including cancers of the cervix and anogenital area, the liver, some lymphomas, head and neck cancers and indirectly human immunodeficiency virus associated cancers. For over 50 years, there have been serious attempts to identify viruses which may have a role in breast cancer. Despite these efforts, the establishment of conclusive evidence for such a role has been elusive. However, the development of extremely sophisticated new experimental techniques has allowed the recent development of evidence that human papilloma virus, Epstein-Barr virus, mouse mammary tumor virus and bovine leukemia virus may each have a role in the causation of human breast cancers. This is potentially good news as effective vaccines are already available to prevent infections from carcinogenic strains of human papilloma virus, which causes cancer of the uterine cervix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-772
Number of pages21
JournalCancers
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

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