Visual and Auditory Recognition of Prefixed Words

Marcus Taft, Gail Hambly, Sachiko Kinoshita*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


The involvement of stem storage and prefix stripping in the recognition of spoken and printed prefixed words was examined. In both an auditory and a visual lexical decision experiment, it was found that prefixed nonwords were more difficult to classify as nonwords than were non-prefixed nonwords. This difference was larger, though, when the “stem” of the nonword was a genuine stem in English (e.g., dejoice versus tejoice) than when it was not (e.g., dejoice versus tejoice). The results suggest that prefixed words are recognized via a representation of their stem after the prefix has been removed, and this is true regardless of the modality of presentation of the word. Implications are considered for the Cohort model of spoken word recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-365
Number of pages15
JournalThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1986
Externally publishedYes


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