Visual false memories in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Lena Jelinek*, Birgit Hottenrott, Sarah Randjbar, Maarten J. Peters, Steffen Moritz

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is an ongoing debate whether or not patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more prone to produce false memories. The present study investigated this question using a visual variant of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, additionally addressing underlying mechanisms of false memory production (e.g., depression, dissociation, emotional valence, arousal). The visual paradigm was administered to 48 traumatized individuals with (n = 20) and without PTSD (n = 28) and 28 non-traumatized controls. Groups did not differ with regard to memory performance and memory confidence. False memories were correlated with depression. We recommend that future studies employ trauma-related material to further explore memory aberrations in PTSD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)374-383
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
    Volume40
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

    Keywords

    • Depression
    • Dissociation
    • False memory
    • Post-traumatic stress disorder
    • Source monitoring
    • Trauma

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