Complex patterns of interlimb coordination, such as multifrequency relationships of 1:2, 2:3, or 3:4, are difficult to perform intentionally without extensive practice. The current study investigated whether these patterns might nonetheless occur spontaneously given an appropriate balance between the movement frequencies, or oscillatory periods, of an individual's movements and a visual-environmental stimulus. In order to test this, participants swung a fixed-period wrist-pendulum while observing an oscillating computer-generated stimulus. Results indicated that at given differences in period, 1:2, 2:3, and 3:4 coordination patterns emerged between the participant and stimulus. This suggests that large period differences do not altogether prevent the emergence of rhythmic visuomotor coordination, but instead provide the opportunity for complex patterns of coordination to emerge spontaneously.
- interpersonal coordination
- spontaneous entrainment
- visual coordination
Washburn, A., Coey, C. A., Romero, V., & Richardson, M. J. (2014). Visual multifrequency entrainment: can 1: 2, 2: 3, and 3: 4 coordination occur spontaneously? Journal of Motor Behavior, 46(4), 247-257. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222895.2014.893980