We report seven successful observations of the astrometric binary GJ 164 AB system with aperture masking interferometry. The companion, with a near-infrared contrast of 5:1 was detected beyond the formal diffraction limit. Combined with astrometric observations from the literature, these observations fix the parallax of the system, and allow a model-independent mass determination of both components.We find the mass of GJ 164 B to be 0.096±0.008M ⊙. With data taken with the newly commissioned TripleSpec spectrograph, we examine GJ 164's near-infrared spectral features and compare them to a sample of M dwarfs of known metallicity. Models are not consistent with color and mass, requiring a very young age to accommodate a secondary too luminous, a scenario ruled out by the kinematics.
- Brown dwarfs
- Stars: low-mass
- Techniques: high angular resolution
- Techniques: spectroscopic