Visual Outcomes After Treatment of Pituitary Adenomas

Clare Louise Fraser, Valérie Biousse, Nancy J. Newman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Pituitary adenomas frequently manifest with neuro-ophthalmic symptoms and signs. The location of the pituitary gland makes involvement of both the visual pathways and the ocular motor cranial nerves likely when there is adenomatous expansion. A sudden expression of visual loss or diplopia commonly accompanies pituitary apoplexy. Several preoperative neuro-ophthalmic indicators help predict posttreatment outcomes and help determine the best intervention. Treatments themselves may also cause neuro-ophthalmic complications. The current literature and avenues of future research are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-619
Number of pages13
JournalNeurosurgery Clinics of North America
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Prognosis
  • Visual acuity
  • Visual field


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