Visual search for animal fear-relevant stimuli in children

Allison M. Waters, Ottmar Lipp, Susan H. Spence

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study examined visual search for animal fear stimuli and whether high fear levels influence children's visual search. Experiment 1 was conducted with adults to provide a control for the effects observed in Experiments 2 and 3 with children. Both adults and children were faster to locate snakes and spiders among flowers and mushrooms than vice versa in arrays of nine but not of four pictures. Both groups were also faster to determine target absence from arrays of snakes and spiders than flowers and mushrooms regardless of array size. Experiment 3 showed that compared with low-fearful children, those who feared snakes and spiders did not show a search advantage for determining target absence from arrays containing snakes and spiders compared with flowers and mushrooms. These results support preferential search for animal fear stimuli in children and suggest that high fearfulness affects children's ability to disengage attention from feared stimuli.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)112-125
    Number of pages14
    JournalAustralian Journal of Psychology
    Volume60
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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