Visualising changes in fund manager holdings in two and a half-dimensions

Tim Dwyer*, David R. Gallagher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


We explore a multiple view, or overview and detail, method for visualising a high-dimensional portfolio holdings data set with attributes that change over time. The method employs techniques from multidimensional scaling and graph visualisation to find a two-dimensional mapping for high-dimensional data. In both the overview and detail views, time is mapped to the third dimension providing a two and a half-dimensional view of changes in the data. We demonstrate the utility of the paradigm with a prototype system for visualisation of movements within a large set of UK fund managers’ stock portfolios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-244
Number of pages18
JournalInformation Visualization
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • 2 1/2D
  • finance
  • graph visualization
  • multidimensional scaling


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