Optical visualization systems are needed in medical applications for determining the localization of deep-seated luminescent markers in biotissues. The spatial resolution of such systems is limited by the scattering of the tissues. We present a novel epi-luminescent technique, which allows a 1.8-fold increase in the lateral spatial resolution in determining the localization of markers lying deep in a scattering medium compared to the traditional visualization techniques. This goal is attained by using NaYF4:Yb3+Tm3+@NaYF4 core/shell nanoparticles and special optical fiber probe with combined channels for the excitation and detection of anti-Stokes luminescence signals.
- imaging through turbid media