Vitamin D deficiency was common in all patients at a Swedish primary care centre, but more so in patients born outside of Europe

Per Wändell*, Sahar Ayoob, Lennart Mossberg, Anna Andreasson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D is associated with extra-skeletal processes, and vitamin D deficiency might contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Aim: To investigate vitamin D levels in an unselected patient population at a Swedish suburban primary care centre. Methods: Vitamin D levels were assessed in 102 patients aged 20 to 65 years visiting the primary care centre, independent of cause of visit, during 2 weeks in January 2014. The difference in vitamin D levels between patients born in Europe and patients born outside Europe was calculated using linear regression, adjusting for gender and age. The difference in prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (< 25 nmol/l) was calculated using logistic regression adjusting for gender, age, vitamin D supplement, and sun exposure. Results: Patients born outside Europe (n = 66) had 15 nmol/l [95% confidence interval (CI) 9.17–20.84] lower levels of vitamin D than patients born in Europe. Vitamin D deficiency was more common in patients born outside Europe (50%) than in patients born in Europe (11%, odds ratio 8.20 95% CI 2.49–26.98, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Lower levels of vitamin D and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency were more common in patients born outside Europe compared to patients born in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-652
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Public Health (Germany)
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2018. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • gender
  • immigrants
  • vitamin D

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