Voltage balancing strategy for a five-level flying capacitor converter using phase disposition PWM with sawtooth-shaped carriers

Amer M. Y. M. Ghias, Josep Pou, Mihai Ciobotaru, Vassilios G. Agelidis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The flying capacitor (FC) multilevel converter has attracted a great deal of interest in the recent years because of its easier extension to a higher number of levels (n>3), as compared to its counterpart, the diode-clamped converter (DCC). The main focus of this paper is to develop a voltage balancing scheme of FCs for a five-level FC converter based on phase disposition pulse-width modulation (PD-PWM). Since there are multiple states that produce the same output voltage at the leg of the converter, such a redundancy is used to regulate the FC voltages at their desired levels. The selection of the optimal states is performed by minimizing a cost function. A drawback observed when using standard symmetrical triangular carriers for the PD-PWM, is the additional switching events that are produced due to transitions within the same voltage level. Nevertheless, this fact can be avoided by using sawtooth carrier waveforms instead. Simulation results verify the robustness of the proposed voltage balancing scheme against static and dynamic load conditions. Moreover, using sawtooth carriers a significant reduction of the switching frequency is achieved as compared to the use of standard triangle carriers while maintaining the FC voltage balanced.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings IECON 2012 - 38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages5013-5019
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781467324205, 9781467324212
ISBN (Print)9781467324199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event38th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2012 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 25 Oct 201828 Oct 2018

Conference

Conference38th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2012
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period25/10/1828/10/18

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