Vowels in the barunga variety of north Australian Kriol

Caroline Jones, Katherine Demuth, Weicong Li, Andre Almeida

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    North Australian Kriol is an English based creole spoken widely by Indigenous people in northern Australia in areas where the traditional languages are endangered or no longer spoken. This paper offers the first acoustic description of the vowel phonology of Roper Kriol, within a variety spoken at Barunga Community, east of the town of Katherine in the Northern Territory. Drawing on a new corpus for Barunga Kriol, the paper presents analyses of the short and long monophthongs, as well as the diphthongs in the spontaneous speech of young adults. The results show the durations and spectral characteristics of the vowels, including major patterns of allophony (i.e. coarticulation and context effects). This updates the phonology over the previous description from the 1970s, showing that there is an additional front low vowel phoneme in the speech of young people today, as well as a vowel length contrast. Interestingly there are points of similarity with the vowel acoustics for traditional Aboriginal languages of the region, for example in a relatively compact vowel space and in the modest trajectories of diphthongs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationINTERSPEECH 2017
    Subtitle of host publication18th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012
    Place of PublicationBaixas, France
    PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
    Pages219-223
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Print)9781510848764
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    EventAnnual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (18th : 2017) - Stockholm, Sweden
    Duration: 20 Aug 201724 Aug 2017

    Publication series

    NameINTERSPEECH
    ISSN (Electronic)1990-9772

    Conference

    ConferenceAnnual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (18th : 2017)
    CountrySweden
    CityStockholm
    Period20/08/1724/08/17

    Keywords

    • Kriol
    • language description
    • phonetics
    • vowels

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