Vowels in the barunga variety of north Australian Kriol

Caroline Jones, Katherine Demuth, Weicong Li, Andre Almeida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

North Australian Kriol is an English based creole spoken widely by Indigenous people in northern Australia in areas where the traditional languages are endangered or no longer spoken. This paper offers the first acoustic description of the vowel phonology of Roper Kriol, within a variety spoken at Barunga Community, east of the town of Katherine in the Northern Territory. Drawing on a new corpus for Barunga Kriol, the paper presents analyses of the short and long monophthongs, as well as the diphthongs in the spontaneous speech of young adults. The results show the durations and spectral characteristics of the vowels, including major patterns of allophony (i.e. coarticulation and context effects). This updates the phonology over the previous description from the 1970s, showing that there is an additional front low vowel phoneme in the speech of young people today, as well as a vowel length contrast. Interestingly there are points of similarity with the vowel acoustics for traditional Aboriginal languages of the region, for example in a relatively compact vowel space and in the modest trajectories of diphthongs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationINTERSPEECH 2017
Subtitle of host publication18th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012
Place of PublicationBaixas, France
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
Pages219-223
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781510848764
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventAnnual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (18th : 2017) - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 20 Aug 201724 Aug 2017

Publication series

NameINTERSPEECH
ISSN (Electronic)1990-9772

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (18th : 2017)
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period20/08/1724/08/17

Keywords

  • Kriol
  • language description
  • phonetics
  • vowels

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  • Cite this

    Jones, C., Demuth, K., Li, W., & Almeida, A. (2017). Vowels in the barunga variety of north Australian Kriol. In INTERSPEECH 2017: 18th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012 (pp. 219-223). (INTERSPEECH). Baixas, France: International Speech Communication Association (ISCA). Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2017-1552