Recent geophysical and petrological observations indicate the presence of water and hydrous melts in and around the mantle transition zone (MTZ), for example, prominent lowvelocity zones detected by seismological methods. Experimental data and computational predictions describe the influence of water on elastic properties of mantle minerals. Using thermodynamic relationships and published databases, we calculated seismic velocities and densities of mantle rocks in and around the MTZ in the presence of water for a plausible range of mantle potential temperatures. We then computed synthetic receiver functions to explore the influence of different water distribution patterns on the teleseismic signature. The results may improve our understanding and interpretation of seismic observations of the MTZ.
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- mantle transition zone
- receiver functions