Water pores in alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) dispersions studied by NMR diffusometry and optical microscopy

Kristina Mohlin*, Niklas Lorén, Magnus Nydén

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Water borne alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) dispersions have been investigated by means of optical microscopy and NMR diffusometry (NMR-D). In two different formulations, different amounts of entrapped water in pores with different sizes are obtained, which can be compared to a water-in-oil-in-water (w/o/w) dispersion. It is shown that the amount of entrapped water inside the AKD particles can conveniently be measured with the NMR-D technique. The pore size is however not obtained correctly from the NMR-D experiment. Due to the small size of the water pores, the pore size is underestimated when measured with NMR-D. This effect is investigated in more detail by Brownian dynamic simulations from which a correction factor is obtained that allows a more correct value of the pore size from NMR-D measurements. When the pore size is too small to be observed by optical microscopy, typically below 0.5 μm, NMR diffusometry combined with Brownian dynamic simulations are shown to be a rapid and reliable tool for quantifying the porosity in these types of systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-121
Number of pages8
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Alkyl ketene dimer
  • Brownian dynamic simulations
  • Dispersion
  • NMR diffusometry
  • Optical microscopy
  • Pores


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