What is the most accurate and reliable methodological approach for predicting peak height velocity in adolescents?: A systematic review

Kathryn Mills, Donovan Baker, Verity Pacey, Martin Wollin, Michael K. Drew

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives To identify the most accurate method of predicting peak height velocity in adolescents. Design Systematic review. Methods A comprehensive literature search of six electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. Studies that met selection criteria of (1) observational longitudinal cohort study (2) reproducible method/s of predicting peak height velocity (3) minimum six-month follow-up (4) healthy male and/or female adolescent subjects, with the exception of participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were considered for review. Studies were screened using a modified quality assessment checklist, with only those scoring >50% included. The type of surrogate measure of peak height velocity, its reliability and ability to predict peak height velocity were extracted from the year or stage immediately preceding peak height velocity. We defined “predict” as when both the estimates of effect and 95% confidence intervals of the surrogate occurred prior to the actual age of PHV. Results The nine included studies examined three anthropometric, three equation and four radiographic-based surrogates for PHV. Of these, the radiographic measures were reported to exhibit moderate to high intra- and inter-rater reliability. Three of the four radiographic surrogates predicted PHV. Two anthropometric measures also predicted PHV but reliability of the measures is unknown. All equation-based methods predicted the timing of PHV to occur later than it actually happened when applied in the year prior to expected PHV. Conclusions In the year/stage immediately preceding peak height velocity, radiograph-based methods appear to be accurate and reliable surrogates.

    LanguageEnglish
    Pages572-577
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
    Volume20
    Issue number6
    Early online date29 Oct 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

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    Scoliosis
    Checklist
    Patient Selection
    Longitudinal Studies
    Cohort Studies
    Databases
    Confidence Intervals

    Keywords

    • adolescent development
    • reproducibility of results
    • anthropometry
    • longitudinal studies
    • radiographs
    • equations

    Cite this

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    title = "What is the most accurate and reliable methodological approach for predicting peak height velocity in adolescents?: A systematic review",
    abstract = "Objectives To identify the most accurate method of predicting peak height velocity in adolescents. Design Systematic review. Methods A comprehensive literature search of six electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. Studies that met selection criteria of (1) observational longitudinal cohort study (2) reproducible method/s of predicting peak height velocity (3) minimum six-month follow-up (4) healthy male and/or female adolescent subjects, with the exception of participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were considered for review. Studies were screened using a modified quality assessment checklist, with only those scoring >50{\%} included. The type of surrogate measure of peak height velocity, its reliability and ability to predict peak height velocity were extracted from the year or stage immediately preceding peak height velocity. We defined “predict” as when both the estimates of effect and 95{\%} confidence intervals of the surrogate occurred prior to the actual age of PHV. Results The nine included studies examined three anthropometric, three equation and four radiographic-based surrogates for PHV. Of these, the radiographic measures were reported to exhibit moderate to high intra- and inter-rater reliability. Three of the four radiographic surrogates predicted PHV. Two anthropometric measures also predicted PHV but reliability of the measures is unknown. All equation-based methods predicted the timing of PHV to occur later than it actually happened when applied in the year prior to expected PHV. Conclusions In the year/stage immediately preceding peak height velocity, radiograph-based methods appear to be accurate and reliable surrogates.",
    keywords = "adolescent development, reproducibility of results, anthropometry, longitudinal studies, radiographs, equations",
    author = "Kathryn Mills and Donovan Baker and Verity Pacey and Martin Wollin and Drew, {Michael K.}",
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    What is the most accurate and reliable methodological approach for predicting peak height velocity in adolescents? A systematic review. / Mills, Kathryn; Baker, Donovan; Pacey, Verity; Wollin, Martin; Drew, Michael K.

    In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 20, No. 6, 06.2017, p. 572-577.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    T2 - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

    AU - Mills, Kathryn

    AU - Baker, Donovan

    AU - Pacey, Verity

    AU - Wollin, Martin

    AU - Drew, Michael K.

    N1 - Copyright © 2016 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    PY - 2017/6

    Y1 - 2017/6

    N2 - Objectives To identify the most accurate method of predicting peak height velocity in adolescents. Design Systematic review. Methods A comprehensive literature search of six electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. Studies that met selection criteria of (1) observational longitudinal cohort study (2) reproducible method/s of predicting peak height velocity (3) minimum six-month follow-up (4) healthy male and/or female adolescent subjects, with the exception of participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were considered for review. Studies were screened using a modified quality assessment checklist, with only those scoring >50% included. The type of surrogate measure of peak height velocity, its reliability and ability to predict peak height velocity were extracted from the year or stage immediately preceding peak height velocity. We defined “predict” as when both the estimates of effect and 95% confidence intervals of the surrogate occurred prior to the actual age of PHV. Results The nine included studies examined three anthropometric, three equation and four radiographic-based surrogates for PHV. Of these, the radiographic measures were reported to exhibit moderate to high intra- and inter-rater reliability. Three of the four radiographic surrogates predicted PHV. Two anthropometric measures also predicted PHV but reliability of the measures is unknown. All equation-based methods predicted the timing of PHV to occur later than it actually happened when applied in the year prior to expected PHV. Conclusions In the year/stage immediately preceding peak height velocity, radiograph-based methods appear to be accurate and reliable surrogates.

    AB - Objectives To identify the most accurate method of predicting peak height velocity in adolescents. Design Systematic review. Methods A comprehensive literature search of six electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. Studies that met selection criteria of (1) observational longitudinal cohort study (2) reproducible method/s of predicting peak height velocity (3) minimum six-month follow-up (4) healthy male and/or female adolescent subjects, with the exception of participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were considered for review. Studies were screened using a modified quality assessment checklist, with only those scoring >50% included. The type of surrogate measure of peak height velocity, its reliability and ability to predict peak height velocity were extracted from the year or stage immediately preceding peak height velocity. We defined “predict” as when both the estimates of effect and 95% confidence intervals of the surrogate occurred prior to the actual age of PHV. Results The nine included studies examined three anthropometric, three equation and four radiographic-based surrogates for PHV. Of these, the radiographic measures were reported to exhibit moderate to high intra- and inter-rater reliability. Three of the four radiographic surrogates predicted PHV. Two anthropometric measures also predicted PHV but reliability of the measures is unknown. All equation-based methods predicted the timing of PHV to occur later than it actually happened when applied in the year prior to expected PHV. Conclusions In the year/stage immediately preceding peak height velocity, radiograph-based methods appear to be accurate and reliable surrogates.

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    KW - reproducibility of results

    KW - anthropometry

    KW - longitudinal studies

    KW - radiographs

    KW - equations

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