What is the relationship between outdoor time and physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and physical fitness in children? A systematic review

Casey Gray*, Rebecca Gibbons, Richard Larouche, Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter, Adam Bienenstock, Mariana Brussoni, Guylaine Chabot, Susan Herrington, Ian Janssen, William Pickett, Marlene Power, Nick Stanger, Margaret Sampson, Mark S. Tremblay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

118 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The objective of this systematic review was to examine the relationship between outdoor time and: (1) physical activity, (2) cardiorespiratory fitness, (3) musculoskeletal fitness, (4) sedentary behaviour; or (5) motor skill development in children aged 3–12 years. We identified 28 relevant studies that were assessed for quality using the GRADE framework. The systematic review revealed overall positive effects of outdoor time on physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and cardiorespiratory fitness, although causality could not be assumed due to a lack of RCTs. Motor skill development was unrelated to outdoor time; however, this relationship was only examined in a single study of preschool children. No studies were found that examined associations between outdoor time and musculoskeletal fitness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6455-6474
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Children
  • Motor skill development
  • Musculoskeletal fitness
  • Outdoor time
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behaviour

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