This chapter discusses the constitutive relationship between belief and truth. This relationship is expressed in terms of the slogan that belief in some sense 'aims' at the truth; that the telos of belief is truth. The standard way of expressing the swamping problem is as posing a difficulty not for a general epistemological thesis like epistemic value T-monism but rather for particular epistemological proposals, such as reliabilism. The epistemic value conferred on a belief by that belief having an epistemic property is instrumental epistemic value relative to the further epistemic good of true belief. It is important to note that the problem that Plato expressed is different to the problem posed by the swamping problem. With epistemic value K-monism in play, however, the question of why knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief has a straightforward answer: because knowledge, unlike true belief, is a fundamental epistemic value.
|Title of host publication||Reasons for belief|
|Editors||Andrew Reisner, Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen|
|Place of Publication||Cambridge|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|