What's on the horizon for community-based conservation? Emerging threats and opportunities

Nafeesa Esmail*, Jana M. McPherson*, Latoya Abulu, Thora Amend, Ronit Amit, Saloni Bhatia, Dominique Bikaba, Typhenn A. Brichieri-Colombi, Jessica Brown, Victoria Buschman, Michael Fabinyi, Mohammad Farhadinia, Razieh Ghayoumi, Terence Hay-Edie, Vera Horigue, Vainuupo Jungblut, Stacy Jupiter, Aidan Keane, David W. Macdonald, Shauna L. MahajanAndrew McVey, Axel Moehrenschlager, Fred Nelson, Meher Noshirwani, Yaa Ntiamoa-Baidu, Jose Luis Postigo, Vatosoa Rakotondrazafy, Madhu Rao, Dilys Roe, José Antonio Sierra Huelsz, Sue Stolton, Alifereti Tawake, Bonnie Wintle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


Community-based conservation can support livelihoods and biodiversity, while reinforcing local and Indigenous values, cultures, and institutions. Its delivery can help address cross-cutting global challenges, such as climate change, conservation, poverty, and food security. Therefore, understanding trends in community-based conservation is pertinent to setting and implementing global goals. We undertook a horizon scan to prioritize 15 emerging threats and opportunities expected to impact the future effectiveness of community-based conservation. Topics relate to global biodiversity policy; human rights; shifting human geography; inclusion, diversity, equity, and access; conservation finance and income; and economic reforms. Our findings offer guidance on strengthening community-based conservation to achieve global environmental and development goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-680
Number of pages15
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Issue number7
Early online date17 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2023. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • biodiversity
  • community-led conservation
  • horizon scan
  • livelihoods
  • rights
  • threatened species


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