When does managerial experience matter? Evidence from Major League Baseball

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the world of professional sports, a manager’s ability to influence team success is often questioned. This study exploits a unique feature of Major League Baseball (MLB), which has different rules of play depending on what league a team is in, to examine whether managerial impact is driven by the level of responsibility they are given over in-game decision making. Using 47 seasons of MLB data, we find evidence that the development of human capital in the form of on-the-job experience and exposure to prior success is only beneficial when managers are employed in more complex decision-making environments. The results of this study have ramifications on the hiring decisions, both in terms of personnel choice and remuneration, of professional sports organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5877-5882
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number51
Early online date13 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2021


  • Managerial impact
  • organizational performance
  • sport


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